HA-Special-Care-Drug-Chart-updatedHA-Special-Care-Drug-Chart-updated
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HA Special Care Drug Chart
Drug name
Common name

Drug
classification

Indications / common uses

Administration and
onset – full effect

Duration

Side effects and
Hazards

Contraindications

Acepromazine

Tranquilizer
Phenothiazine
type

• tranquilization & mild sedation
• decrease anxiety
• laminitis- peripheral vasodilator
• relaxation of penis muscle
• very little analgesic effect
• traquilization for: trailering,
turnout, prevent excitement
• non-immobilizing and little ataxia

less effective if given
after horse is excited
IV: 10-15 minutes
IM: 10-30 minutes
Orally: 20-60 minutes
*increasing dosage in
non-responding horses
does not increase
sedation

1-4 hours if horse is
left quiet
Little effect if horse
is already excited
Can vary greatly
among individual
horses. Detectible in
blood for up to 120
hours.

• decreases blood pressure
• depresses CNS
• Penile paralysis
• prolapsed third eyelid

• not used in colic
• dehydration,
anemia, shock, or
when recently dewormed with
pipera