There are different ways to structure a literature review; refer to your unit outline to identify
any faculty guidelines.
'Literature' covers everything relevant that is written on a topic, including: books,
journal articles, newspaper articles, historical records, government reports, theses and
dissertations. Check with your unit convenor or supervisor when in doubt.
What is the purpose of a literature review?
A literature review is a description of the literature relevant to a particular field or topic. It is
often an examination of what research has already been done in an area to identify where
further research could be conducted. It therefore helps you determine the nature and
reason for further research.
In undergraduate courses, unit convenors often set literature reviews to encourage you
to read broadly so as to develop a deep understanding of your subject area. You need to
read the literature thoroughly so you can think critically about the literature and th